electric bicycle

Electric bicycles. Easier, safer and comfortable

First of all let’s star by defining what is and what not an electric bicycle is. As its name says, it is a bike that has electric components on it. It is neither a motorcycle nor a regular bicycle. But if you add to a regular bicycle a motor, a battery and an electric controller that allows you to activate and regulate the power and electric assistance, there you have the basics of an electric bicycle.

¿What is an electric bicycle?

¿What is an electric bicycle?

An electric bicycle works like a regular bike: you can pedal and you can handle it. It is closer to a regular bicycle than to a motorcycle, so we can say that it is an easier regular bike, which works powered by electric components that increase human power.

There are many different kinds of electric bikes attending to a variety of facts such as:

  • Sizes and styles: You have to choose those that fit your needs, comfort and personal style and that is why you can find many different sizes –frame sizes, ride sizes, etc– and styles.
  • Motor: Some electric bicycles have an external motor and some other have it internal and it can be located in different parts of the bike depending on the model.
  • Power: Each motor has a different power that can be from 200W to 700W. Depending on your needs you will have to consider which power is the best option for you.
  • Battery and controller: Depending on the model of the bike it will have a type of battery and a different controller, which activates and let you control the assistance of the bike.

Utilities of an electric bicycle

The utilities of an electric bike are the same as the ones of a regular bike. Some people use them for getting in shape. Electric bicycles are a very good option for old people who want to get back in shape because they give the chance of making some exercise with motor assistance in case of getting tired. They are a good way to gain vitality and strength.

getting in shape with electric bicycle

Some people use them to get to work. Specially young adults, who have seen in electric bikes another way of getting to work. The pros about using an electric commuter bicycle are many: You save money on gas or public transit; it is ecofriendly, so you contribute to reduce carbon emissions and pollution; you get in shape by making daily exercise and, the most important thing, you don’t get to work neither sweaty nor tired.

electric bicycle commute to work

Also, electric bicycles can be used for fun. Some people, mostly young, just want bikes for leisure so that they can get to any place in an easy way, without polluting and with the chance of pedaling or not due to the motor assistance that these bikes offer.

electric bicycle for leisure

¿Are electric bicycles dangerous?

Maybe because they have a motor, most of the people think that electric bicycles are more dangerous than regular bikes. But it isn’t true. For instance, electric bikes are safer than regular bikes. The power of the motor of electric bicycles will always keep the bike at a safe speed. In addition to this speed limit, electric bicycles are more stable than regular bikes because of their larger frames, suspension and their extra weight.

¿And if it rains? There is no problem because electric bikes are ready for any riding conditions. It doesn’t matter if it is raining because these bikes are waterproofed so you just have to remember to wear a water coat.

folding electric bicycle in London

Another common question are the sizes of the bikes in order to keep it at home or work. You don’t have to worry much about this since folding bikes are the best way to provide storage and portability so that they become small enough to fit in the trunk of your car, the public transit, your closet, or even under the desk of your office.

Bicicleta generadora de electricidad

Bici- generador de electricidad

Crear un Bici-generador de energía puede  constituir  esa estrategia que necesitamos para alcanzar la potencia necesaria para el consumo eléctrico de nuestras casas de manera gratis y ecológica. Consume menos que los generadores electricos diesel y sin dudarlo es más ecológico.

Un generador estimulado mediante el movimiento de pedales fabricado por ti mismo es uno de esos proyectos donde solo se obtienen beneficios. Es educativo, al utilizar el producto final vas a proporcionarte un ejercicio saludable y tendrás una fuente de alimentación de emergencia que es segura para utilizar en interiores. Necesitarás una bicicleta, un generador, un mecanismo de accionamiento y una manera para controlar y opcionalmente almacenar la energía que produzcas.

¿Cómo hacerlo?

Materiales necesarios.

  • Se puede usar una bicicleta estática para no tener que crear un soporte o una bicicleta normal. La bicicleta para ejercicios con una única rueda pesada es la ideal, para que actúe como un volante de inercia. Dicho esto, cualquier bicicleta con un marco sólido y un conjunto funcional de manivela y pedal va a funcionar. Haz que tu bicicleta quede fija y estable con uno o dos soportes. Los soportes comerciales están disponibles o puedes fabricar el tuyo propio. Si lo construyes tú mismo, la consideración principal que debes tener es que sean estables.
  • Batería de coche o también se puede reutilizar la de una UPS de ordenador. Un motor que ofrezca un rendimiento óptimo en su salida a velocidades inferiores a 1800 rpm. Los generadores de los coches o alternadores están optimizados para altas velocidades, haciéndolos menos deseables.
  • Alternador de coche, o motor de 12v o 14v incluyendo un diodo en el cable que va a la batería.
  • Correa de alternador de coche.
  • Transformador de 12V a 220V.

 Bicicleta como generador de electricidad

Para el buen funcionamiento es importante de que tu diseño alcance una velocidad de giro (rpm) compatible con el motor y la persona que pedalee. La energía producida puede variar dependiendo de la rapidez con la que pedalees en la bicicleta. Hay muchas maneras en la que puedes regular la potencia de salida, haciéndolo más seguro y fácil de usar. Una opción sencilla es conectar la salida del motor a un controlador de carga con el tamaño adecuado como para manejar la corriente producida por el motor.

Y así de forma sencilla mediante un Bici-generador ya puedes alcanzar energía para tu hogar de forma poco contaminante, a la vez que realizas ejercicios físicos.

Electric Bikes

The use of electric bikes continues to increase and, given their many advantages, they have become one of the most widely used environmentally friendly means of transport.
Before World War II, bicycles were the most common mean of transport in cities but after the arrival of combustion vehicles, they were used only as an entertainment – except in some countries like the Netherlands and Belgium.
At present, thanks to environmental awareness and modernization of bike components, this vehicle is being widely used once again, but this time they are electric bike.


Features of electric bikes

Electric bikes are traditional bicycles, which incorporate an electric motor in order to make pedaling easier.
Their main feature is that they are environmentally friendly and do not produce any CO2 emissions. Therefore, if we use them, we will contribute to the protection of the environment and the reduction of the ozone hole.
Moreover, users can always choose between pedaling as if it were a traditional bike, and using the electricity to avoid any physical effort.
This is very important because it gives senior citizens and people with mobility difficulties the possibility to drive these vehicles.
In addition, electric bikes can be used as a mean of transport in cities and you can ride them to go to work without sweating.
This was one of the main drawbacks of the daily use of conventional bikes. But thanks to new technology, electric bikes become the perfect vehicle to move around the city avoiding traffic jams.

 

Electric bikes can also be useful for uphill routes that require too much effort, long routes where you want to save energy or leisure rides.
Compared to other vehicles, electric bikes are cheaper than combustion and electric cars and motorcycles.
And if you want to save some money, you can even adapt your traditional bicycle by adding the electric motor.
Another advantage is that you do not need to have insurance or pay patents, parking fees or fines. Besides, you do not need a driver´s license and this means constant savings.
You should notice that due to their weight and volume, electric bikes can be easily transported. You can get them in the elevator or keep them in your home´s terrace.


Success of electric bikes

The increased use of electric bikes among the Spanish population was evidenced during the first competition of electric bikes in Spain, held last April 6, 2014 in Valdemoro between Las Vegas del Tajuña and Jarama.
Furthermore, the advantages of electric bikes have made them the perfect instrument for a new form of tourism. This has led many companies to provide this service.
This summer many tourist cities in the coasts of Spain implemented these unique services. For instance, Fuengirola, with the company Route Electric Bike, is the only service of its kind in Costa del Sol. In this case, it is a route around the city where you can ride electric bikes for around 3 hours at a price of 21 euros per person.
For these reasons, manufacturers of electric bikes are developing new improved models that can be further personalized and customized, support maximum speeds of up to 25 km/h for the pedaling system and some can even reach up to 45 km/h.
They have also implemented force, cadence and speed sensors to achieve a much more efficient energy transfer.

Consejos para aprender a andar en bicicletas.

Aprender a andar en bicicletas es una actividad que nos enseñan desde niños. No constituye un proceso complejo si seguimos ciertos consejos que nos faciliten dicho aprendizaje.

Primeramente se hace necesario que la bicicleta que vayamos a utilizar sea la indicada para nuestra talla y peso, donde seamos capaces de alcanzar a apoyar ambos pies en el suelo de además de que se encuentre en buen estado mecánico.

Pasos para aprender a andar en bicicleta:

  1. Ajustar la bicicleta

Como primer paso vamos a hacer unos pequeños ajustes a la bicicleta. Vamos a quitar los pedales utilizando la llave de 15mm. Para aflojar el pedal izquierdo hay que aplicar la fuerza en el sentido de las manecillas del reloj. Para aflojar el pedal derecho hay que girar en contra de las manecillas del reloj.
A continuación hay que bajar la altura del asiento. Bájalo a una altura tal que la persona alcance a apoyar ambos pies en el suelo mientras está sentada.

  1. Encontrar un lugar adecuado para practicar

El practicar en un área adecuada no solamente es más seguro, sino que también permite a la persona sentirse más tranquila y poder disfrutar mucho más del proceso.
Lo ideal es buscar un lugar con:

  • Pocos obstáculos
  • Relativamente plano
  • Con poca gente

Si se practicará en el pavimento lo ideal es buscar un área lo más plana posible, sin baches ni topes. Alternativamente se puede practicar sobre el pasto. La ventaja del pasto es que las caídas serán más suaves. La desventaja es que la bicicleta rodará con más dificultad. Si decides practicar en el pasto puedes mejorar el rodado si lo haces en una superficie con una ligera pendiente.

  1. Empujar y rodar

El objetivo de este tercer paso es aprender a mantener el equilibrio en la bicicleta. Al quitar los pedales y bajar el asiento prácticamente estamos convirtiendo la bicicleta en una bicicleta de balance. La persona se impulsará empujando el suelo con sus pies, con la vista siempre en el camino. Al principio se puede comenzar con pasos cortos, como si se estuviera caminando y poco a poco darlos más largos hasta que la persona logre mantener el equilibrio.
Antes de pasar al siguiente paso hay que repetir este ejercicio por lo menos 10 veces o hasta que la persona se sienta confiada y lo haya dominado.

4. Dirección y control

Una vez que la persona ya puede equilibrarse en la bicicleta, es momento de aprender a dirigirla y a balancear el peso para mantener el control en los cambios de dirección.
Para practicar esto, la persona deberá impulsarse, igual que en el paso anterior, pero esta vez hará zigzag. Hay que repetir el ejercicio hasta que la persona logre zigzaguear sin apoyar los pies durante el cambio de dirección.

5. Aprender a frenar

Si la persona ya es capaz de mantener el equilibrio y dirigir la bicicleta es momento de aprender a frenar. (En caso de que la bicicleta en la que se está practicando sea de freno contrapedal hay que aprender a pedalear antes).
Para poder andar en bicicleta de manera segura, es fundamental poder frenar a voluntad. Una buena manera de practicar es colocando una marca y frenando justo al llegar a ella. Para esto habrá que impulsarse, igual que en el paso 3. Al llegar a la marca tendrá que hacer alto total. La manera correcta de frenar es aplicando tanto el freno delantero como el trasero simultáneamente.

6. Impulsarse con el pedal y continuar con el impulso

Para este paso necesitamos instalar los pedales. El asiento continua a una altura baja.
Antes de aprender a pedalear tenemos que aprender a poner la bicicleta en movimiento utilizando los pedales. Para esto la persona aplicará fuerza en uno de los pedales, de tal manera que ponga la bicicleta en movimiento. Hay que continuar equilibrándose con el impulso generado y continuar hasta que se acabe el impulso. Se recomienda repetir este ejercicio varias veces con cada pie hasta que se domine.

7. Pedaleo continuo

Para comenzar con el paso 7, la persona deberá ser capaz de poner en movimiento la bicicleta utilizando los pedales, así como tener un buen control. Ahora sí, es momento de intentar pedalear de manera continua. Al principio es normal que se pierda el equilibrio. Es necesario aprender a controlar y balancear tanto el peso como la fuerza que se aplica a cada pedaleada. Hay que repetir el ejercicio hasta que la persona domine el ejercicio.

8. Subir el asiento

Finalmente es momento de subir el asiento a una altura adecuada. Una altura adecuada nos permite pedalear de manera más eficiente. Además se evitan lesiones en las rodillas. ¡Muy importante! Antes de aventurarse a las calles, la persona deberá acostumbrarse a esta nueva altura. Al principio, es bastante probable que la persona intente bajar los dos pies al momento de frenar y que al no alcanzar se descontrole. Es buena idea repasar el arranque, el control y el frenado con la nueva altura del asiento.

Road cycling training for mountain bikers

As you should know, road training is the cornerstone of most professional bikers. It is true that at first, road cycling is not as fun as mountain biking, but no doubt, the road is somehow exciting.

There are obvious differences between MTBs and road bikes regarding geometries, components and gears. Besides, if you have a MTB background, you are used to wearing very low gears that make you pedal a lot.That is why our first advice is to go through a period of gradual adaptation to avoid injuries.Think that your muscles will go from working at high rates with light loads to working at lower rates with much heavier loads.We can compare it to going from lifting a 1 kg weight 40 times in a minute, to lifting a 5 kg weight 25 times in a minute.

As we did with beginners training for bikers who wanted to prepare their first race, we will prepare you for road cycling, bearing in mind that you have already tried MTB and the road is just a supplement.

We will assume that you have a road bike.If not, you should to try one and see if you like it before you buy it.Borrow your neighbor’s bike, or rent a bike.Some places have really good prices.

As we did before, we will divide the subject into levels.Remember that you come from the world of MTB; therefore, this will not be a physically adaptation, but rather an adaptation of skills.

- Level -1. You are shocked by the fact that clipless pedals can be put only on one side. Besides, your road cycling shoes are too slippery. Try to mount and dismount the bike in a slightly downhill area. Test the derailleurs and the combinations. The front derailleur has two mini positions for each dish to prevent the chain from rubbing in extreme combinations.

And speaking of dishes, if your bike has only two dishes, it doesn’t mean the third one got lost; most road bikes have two dishes. Test also the brakes. You will think they are crap because you don’t have hydraulic brakes and the wheels won’t stop as you would like. Remember this is a road bike, not a downhill bike.

The bike makes no noise at all. It is like a hybrid car at a speed of less than 20 km/h. You are even thinking of buying a horn to avoid running over somebody.

Once you get used to the bicycle, you will be ready to move to the next level.

- Level 0: At this level, you dare to leave the parks and cycle paths to start cycling on asphalt roads.It frightens you, there are cars, but a whole new world of possibilities is opening for you.For now, 50 kilometer routes are enough for you.You will be surprised to see that your average speed on easy roads is 23-25 ​​km/h compared to your MTB record of 18.5 km/h.

- Level 1: Your legs hurt on Sunday afternoons.This is because you have been pedaling on the road for two days in a row.It has been some time since you passed the barrier of 25 km/h average.You dare to ride some kilometers together with a group and you know the bar where you can find the best food in the area.

- Level 2: At this rate you will ride more than 3,000 km per year on roads only.You are still a bit afraid, but you already seem capable of making over 100 km in a training session. You also learned that cyclists are divided into two classes: those who change the chain every 3,000 km and those don´t.

- Level 3: Everyone talk about this level because they have a cousin who is a professional cyclist, but actually no one has ever reached it.
The post on how to prepare your first race provided very useful advice to train with a MTB. Now, this is a surprise: that advice is equally valid for road cycling.

Brompton bicycle models

One of the main features of Brompton urban bicycles is that users can create unique models by customizing and changing the parts of each bike. However, there are four basic Brompton bicycle models that can be distinguished mainly by the height of the handlebars and the saddle, and its aesthetic look.

Brompton bike
Model´s bike
  • Brompton bicycle model M

This is the most popular model. The handlebars are high in order to allow users to keep their backs straight while riding. Most of the weight falls on the rear axis, so the steering is not too loaded and the Brompton bicycle M is one of fastest models.

The frame is low to ensure that short people have no problem when riding them. However, people taller than 1.80 m should use an extended seatpost that should be 60 mm longer which adds 105 g to the weight of the bicycle and increases the height of the folded bike by 60 mm.

Another option for tall people is the telescopic seatpost which can be 175 mm higher than standard seatposts and add 364 g to the weight of the bike, but it only increases the height of the folded bike by 20 mm.

  • Model H

This is the model that was actually designed for taller and heavier users who are not comfortable with the aforesaid extensions.

In this case, the distance between the saddle and the handlebars is 57 mm higher than in model M, while it only adds 160 g to the weight.

  • Model S

It looks more like a racing bicycle (a professional sports bicycle) but the handlebars are lower than those in model M (exactly 80 mm).

Those who prefer this model but are too tall can always choose to have double height or extendable handlebars.

  • Model P

This is the most practical but also the less good looking model. The handlebars can be adjusted to multiple positions depending on our needs.

Based on these models of Brompton bicycles you can customize your bike by choosing your favorite color and adding as many accessories as you want in order to own a unique bicycle.

How to Select an Electric Bike

First, let´s mention exactly what an electric bike is and what its components are. Although they are increasingly popular in our society, it is still difficult to find them riding around the city in some areas of Spain.

Well, an electric bike, also known as e-bike, is actually a bicycle with a built-in electric motor that helps it move forward. The bike is powered by a battery that can be recharged through an electric network and its autonomy can range from 35 to 70 kilometers.

Thanks to these advantages, their market has grown and there are numerous manufacturers. This makes the process to select a make and a model more difficult. Therefore, today in Linked2Play we will share with you the key aspects you should bear in mind when choosing an electric bike:

  • Make sure that, for legal purposes, you purchase an electrically assisted pedal cycle and not an electric moped, which is something different. You do not need a driving license to ride an e-bike and, unlike electric mopeds, its use carries the same responsibility than the use of traditional bicycles.
  • The rated power of the motor should never be more than 250W because it would be considered a moped.
  • The maximum speed should not be more than 25 km/h.
  • It should have front and rear brakes, front light and rear reflector.
  • You should start the motor only when pedaling and stop it when you stop pedaling or when you apply the brake.
  • The weight should be less than 40 kg.
  • You should try once and again which e-bike is more comfortable for you because there may be a lot of differences based on their ergonomics and on personal preferences.
  • Go out for a ride and test the difference between the electric bikes that need a ride or two before the motor starts assisting the pedal. This will help you decide which mechanism feels safer.
  • Bear in mind that if the selected model is crank drive, the motor will be located in the bottom-bracket spindle. They have a better design but the main disadvantage is that if a component breaks down, the whole unit must be replaced and that would imply a higher cost.
  • Choose the bike that better suits you depending on the areas where you will ride it, that is to say, if you are riding on mountain areas, you should buy a model that tries to level out the slopes in a reliable way and vice versa.
  • The weight of e-bikes also influences the power they should have to offer a better experience. Therefore, you should pay attention to one of the heaviest parts: the frame. Depending on what you will use the bike for, we recommend:

Aluminum 6061 alloy frames: For moderate off-road use and to use them in cities.

Aluminum 7005 alloy frames: For road bikes and urban use.

Steel frames: Intensive use. They are highly resistant and much heavier than aluminum frames.

On the other hand, motors are the second heaviest part of e-bikes. There are two different types: motors with brushes and brushless DC motors. The first type is heavier and noisier, but they are also cheaper. The second type is smaller, lighter and more silent, but they are more expensive.

Use an electric Bike
Electric Bike

The batteries

Finally, let´s talk about the batteries. In order to buy the ones that better fit the use intended for the bike, we should think of the usual roads we will ride on. To calculate the autonomy and energy capacity of the battery, use the following formula:

Autonomy (in km) =Volts x battery capacity in Amperes-hour

x Max Speed / Motor Power

 

Example:

Battery          Motor Power      Max Speed                Autonomy

36v-10ah        250 W              25km/h            36 x 10 x 25 / 250 = 36 km

24v-8ah          250 W              25km/h              24 x 8 x 25 /250 = 19 km

  • Lead batteries: This is the oldest technology, although they are still used because they provide more autonomy. They are cheaper – from 100 to 120 Euros-, they are also heavier and as an average they only last one year.
  • Nickel batteries: They are more expensive than lead batteries – from 150 to 300 Euros- and provide less autonomy, but they last 3 to 4 years. It is better to discharge them completely once a month to avoid the storage effect, phenomenon through which they lose their capacity when submitted to irregular charging cycles reducing the bike´s autonomy.
  • Lithium batteries: Like nickel batteries, they last around 3 years, although they are more expensive – from 300 to 400 Euros. They have two advantages: they have less storage effect and weight less than nickel batteries. The fact that both lithium and nickel batteries are lighter increases the bike´s autonomy making it equal to that offered by lead batteries.

Spare parts are important

Users should take into account the spare parts offered by the shop where they buy the electric bike because some of them – those related to the battery, for instance – cannot be found in regular shops. Thus, shops should have a stock to cover the needs of customers. On the other hand, motors of electric bikes are simple and do not require any special care. Maintenance of e-bikes is as simple as that of any other bicycle – cleaning, greasing, etc. -, so users can save money if they learn how to do it.

Therefore, these are the main points to bear in mind when shopping for an electric bike. Always remember to choose them depending on the use and functions you prefer.

Where can we buy them?

Now, where can we buy them? We can visit specialized off line shops or reference second hand websites such as:

There you can find new and second hand bicycles for a lower price, so this is a good opportunity to buy your first electric bike.

Remember that if you have a bike but you don´t have a companion or a group to organize a tour, you can enter Linked2Play, a social network where you can meet other sportsmen with the same hobbies.

 

History of electric bicycle

An electric bike is a type of electric vehicle based on a traditional bicycle to which has been added an electric motor to assist in advancing the same. Its power source is a battery and autonomy is between 35 and 70 km, with an average of ecological and urban transport.

An electric bike
A model of electric bike

The history of the electric bike began in the mid-nineteenth century with the appearance of the first battery, however it was not until the 1980s when it really began to develop.

The idea of producing electric bicycles was in the minds of the industry in the 20s, but competition from internal combustion engines built bicycles gave them more speed and autonomy that it had been an electric battery, shattered their plans.

The 80s was of great importance for the history of electric bikes because in those years the first patents to Ogden Bolton Jr., who sought to implement a bike battery with 6 poles and brush collector current is given (CC ) direct hub motor mounted on the rear wheel, Hosea W. Libbey which created a bike powered by a dual electric motor, and John Schnepf, who introduced a roller wheel friction wheels, which consisted of a rotating roller in the top of the wheel so that this also revolve.

Fashion bike
A model of bike

In 1920 the German company Heinzmann made the first electric bicycle motor was two seats. Then he continued to develop engines that joined the German distribution Bicycle mail.

In the 30s, Minneapolis Lejay Manufacturing register patents that are the seed of GoBike, an electric bike with a Ford T generator coupled to the rear wheel.

Later, Moulton Consultants Ltd which manufactures a double chain drive, one coming from the bottom bracket and another electric motor housed inside. However, it is not until the first oil crisis, when it begins to promote the use of electric bikes though they had much popularity.

A late 90 different models of torque sensors and power control, as well as new types of longer lasting batteries are developed. In 1992 Vector Services Limited sells Zike, a bicycle including nickel-cadmium, and whose production grew from 1993-2004 at an estimated 35%.

In the early twenty-first century begins a new modern world for the history of electric bicycles. Panasonic built the lightest electric bicycle market, Honda Step Compo test its, the first folding electric, and again employs Panasonic Lithium ion batteries to revolutionize the market.

Electric bikes are still writing their own history because every year new technology that achieves more people bet on this alternative vehicle is incorporated.

The French aid will go to work by bike

The government of François Hollande has received the green light from the National Assembly in its ambitious Energy Transition Tuesday, something like the new Barcelona’s law about electric bycicles. In the outline of the law, which foresees halving energy consumption by 2050 and make France the European champion of ecology, have added new measures of symbolism. Among them, make it easier for companies to remit money to their employees to use the bike to go to work, at 25 cents a mile, approximately, but not yet priced.

Suport for bikes in France
Support for bikes in France

 

In return, these companies will be reduced social contributions. Companies over a hundred employees will have to submit a plan to promote public transport, car sharing or cycling. Plastic bags single use shall be prohibited from January 2016, but the cutlery and crockery of the same material from 2020.
Promoting cycling has become in France, and more specifically in Paris, a priority. The capital reserve provides growing space to park your two-wheeler and companies-workers- will take advantage if its use promoted. Transport, responsible for 27% of the emission of greenhouse gases, will be much cleaner in a few years in France thanks to the Energy Transition Act which launched Ecology Minister Segolene Royal.

In addition to the seven million outlets will be installed (there are now only 10,000) in 2030, individuals will benefit from a premium (that can reach 10,000 euros) if you change your diesel car for an electric one. The state fleet must be renewed with such vehicles at a rate of one in every two new buy and transport companies, one in ten.
The law, which was approved by a large majority in the Assembly (314 votes to 219), plans to increase renewable up involving 40% of the total, reducing the use of fossil fuels by 30% in fifteen years, renew buildings to save energy and reduce waste by half by 2025. in this last chapter the ban on plastic bags for single use is framed and, depending on demand from environmentalists Assembly, has also added veto crockery and cutlery from the same material. Royal, who was not in favor, has always accepted to enter into force in 2020. Also with an eye toward reducing waste, France plans to penalize up to 300,000 euros and two years imprisonment planned obsolescence. Most products should inform the consumer about their working lives. This, though, will live with the great French nuclear power, which is limited to the current level.

After several years of work on this issue, the Government has confirmed that French households spend too hot. To reduce the bill that entails, the law passed also provides significant support to the most modest to the so-called check-energy, to renovate buildings. The project is to increase the efficiency of buildings 500,000 each year from 2017. The intention is that all the buildings have been renovated in France 2050. A tax benefits aid and cheap loans to achieve this goal are added.
The Senate must now validate the law passed, but will do in a single reading and then the Assembly will give the green light by summary procedure. The main obstacle that critics see in this project is its cost: € 10,000 million in three years. Royal, however, says that the new green economy will create 100,000 new jobs and reduce energy bills.

The origin of Brompton´s brand

Like all major brands, the brand of Brompton hides a great story at its source. Its inventor was Britain’s Andrew Ritchie, a gardener by profession who decided in 1976 to start building a folding bike. After graduating from Cambridge in 1968, Andrew worked for a short time in computation, before becoming a landscape gardener and go door to door offering their services.

One Model of Brompton
One Model of Brompton

The British met an Australian accountant who was trying to build a factory to produce Bickerton folding bicycle. When the gardener saw the characteristics of this product, he told himself that he could improve it. The concept was not new, it already existed on the market several folding bicycles that were very successful for the need of people to transport bicycles in the city. However, trying to models made for mass consumption so the quality and usefulness seemed insufficient for many people, including Andrew Ritchie himself.

BarcelonaBrompton blog

Its objective was to design, develop a couple of prototypes, and sell the production rights to a company with enough experience to start production. Being a gardener lower middle class, could not finance his project, so he sought help from his friends. They supported him in his idea and together they founded the company “Brompton Bicyles” in honor of the famous London church, Sacred Heart of Mary, but that is popularly known as Brompton Oratory. Andrew was very religious and devout, and also from home could see the church so I wanted his new project bearing the name of the temple. Thus, he turned his room into a studio and started building the first prototypes. Despite the good start and have developed three prototypes, when he sought a manufacturer for design encountered many difficulties that prevented his dream came true and left their idea into a book for five years.

British manufacturers were wary of inventors and were not sure that there was a market for these bikes so they did not want to risk it. “I thought it was a terribly useful machine. Yes, I knew I could improve and all, but really wanted to go ahead with the project because it was a good product, “says the same Andrew at that time.

Five years later, Andrew reprized his invention. This time 30 friends helped to fund and build the first Brompton bicycles. In 1981 thirty units were ready for their first owners. Thereafter demand no longer yield.

The design, a unique model with a curved main tube that makes it unique and allows its folded by a hinge, was well received among cyclists who began to turn it into a cult. Today the brand is one of the few companies that still factory bike this vehicle in the UK.

 

Diario de un ciclista